- HARARI (Blumberg), ḤAYYIM
- HARARI (Blumberg), ḤAYYIM (1883–1940), educator and author in Ereẓ Israel. Born in Dvinsk (then Russia), he began teaching at the Herzlia High School in Tel Aviv in 1906. One of the pioneers of the Hebrew theater, he established an amateur group called Ḥovevei ha-Bamah ha-Ivrit, in which he participated as a director, actor, and translator of plays. He contributed to the Hebrew press in Russia and Ereẓ Israel and edited two volumes on the festivals entitled Sefer ha-Ḥanukkah (1937) and Sefer Tevet, Shevat, Adar (1941). His articles and stories were collected in an anthology entitled Kitvei Ḥayyim Harari (2 vols., 1941–42). His wife, YEHUDIT (1885–1979), educator and public figure in Ereẓ Israel, was the daughter of aaron eisenberg , a founder of Reḥovot. In 1903 she founded the second Hebrew kindergarten in Ereẓ Israel in Reḥovot. She also taught at the Herzlia High School and the Levinsky Teachers Training College in Tel Aviv and was headmistress of the model school attached to the college. She published articles in the Hebrew press, and her books include Bein ha-Keramim (1947) and Ishah va-Em be-Yisrael (1959). Their son, IZHAR (1908–1978), parliamentarian and lawyer, was born in Jaffa. He was active in the haganah and Ẓahal (israel , State of: Defense Forces) and was a member of the Knesset for the Progressive (later Liberal and independent liberal ) Party from 1949. He joined the israel labor party in 1968. He was the founder and chairman of the Israel Foreign Policy Association. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Tidhar, 1 (1947), 497f.; 2 (1947), 831f.; 4 (1950), 1717f. (Abraham Aharoni/ Benjamin Jaffe)
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.